Hayastani Hanrapetut'yunIPA: Located in Western Asia   on the Armenian Highlandsit is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great in the 1st century BC and became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in the late 3rd or early 4th century AD. Under the Bagratuni dynastythe Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia was restored in the 9th century.
Declining due to the wars against the Byzantines, the "Russian vs armenian online dating" fell in and Armenia was soon after invaded by the Seljuk Turks. An Armenian principality and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries.
Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Russian vs armenian online dating came under the rule of the Ottoman and Iranian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries.
By the 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empirewhile most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland remained under Ottoman rule. Infollowing the Russian Revolutionall non-Russian countries declared their independence after the Russian Empire ceased to exist, leading to the establishment of the First Republic Russian vs armenian online dating Armenia.
Bythe state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republicand in became a founding member of the Soviet Union.
Inthe Transcaucasian state was dissolved, transforming its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republicinto full Union republics. The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in during the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Armenia recognises the Armenian Apostolic Churchthe world's oldest national church, as the country's primary religious establishment.
Armenia supports the de facto independent Republic of Artsakhwhich was proclaimed in However the origins Russian vs armenian online dating the name Hayastan trace back to much earlier dates and were first attested in circa 5th century in the works of Agathangelos  Faustus of Byzantium Russian vs armenian online dating,   Ghazar Parpetsi
Russian vs armenian online dating,  Koryun and Sebeos.
He relates that the people spoke a language that to his ear sounded like the language of the Russian vs armenian online dating. Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the mountains of Ararat.
There is evidence of an early civilisation in
Russian vs armenian online dating in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about BC. Archaeological surveys in and at the Areni-1 cave complex have resulted in the discovery of the world's earliest known leather shoe skirt,  and wine-producing facility. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenians. Yerevan is the world's oldest city to have documented the exact date of its foundation.
During the late 6th century BC, the first geographical entity that was called Armenia by neighbouring populations was established under the Orontid Dynasty within the Achaemenid Empireas part of the latters' territories. The kingdom became fully sovereign from the sphere of influence of the Seleucid Empire in BC under King Artaxias I and begun the rule of the Artaxiad dynasty. In "Russian vs armenian online dating" next centuries, Armenia was in the Persian Empire 's sphere of influence during the reign of Tiridates Ithe founder of the Arsacid dynasty of Armeniawhich itself was a branch of the Parthian Empire.
Throughout its history, the kingdom of Armenia enjoyed both periods of independence and periods of autonomy subject to contemporary empires. Religion in ancient Armenia was historically related to a set of beliefs that, in Persia, led to the emergence of Zoroastrianism. It particularly focused on the worship of Mithra and also included a pantheon of gods such as AramazdVahagnAnahitand Astghik.
The country used the solar Armenian calendarwhich consisted of 12 months. Christianity spread into the country as early as AD Prior to this, during the latter part of the Parthian period, Armenia was a predominantly Zoroastrian country. After the fall of the Kingdom of Armenia inmost of Armenia was incorporated as a marzpanate within the Sasanian Empire.
Following the Battle of Avarayr inChristian Armenians maintained their religion and Armenia gained autonomy. After the Sasanian period —Armenia emerged as Arminiyaan autonomous principality under the Umayyad Caliphatereuniting Armenian lands previously taken by the Byzantine Empire as well. The principality was ruled by the Prince of Armenia, and recognised by the Caliph and the Byzantine Emperor. Arminiya lasted untilwhen it regained its independence from the weakened Abbasid Caliphate under Ashot I of Armenia.
The reemergent Armenian kingdom was ruled by the Bagratuni dynasty and lasted until In time, several areas of the Bagratid Armenia separated as independent kingdoms and principalities such as the Kingdom of Vaspurakan ruled by the House of Artsruni in the south, Kingdom of Syunik in the east, or Kingdom of Artsakh on the territory of modern Nagorno-Karabakhwhile still recognising the supremacy of the Bagratid kings.
Inthe Byzantine Empire conquered Bagratid Armenia. Soon, the other Armenian states fell Byzantine control as well. The Byzantine rule was short lived, as in the Seljuk Empire defeated the Byzantines and conquered Armenia at the Battle of Manzikertestablishing the Seljuk Empire. Cilicia was a strong ally of the European Crusadersand saw itself as a bastion of Christendom in the East.
Cilicia's significance in Armenian history and statehood is also attested
Russian vs armenian online dating the transfer of the seat of the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the spiritual leader of the Armenian people, to the region.
The Seljuk Empire soon started to collapse. In the early 12th century, Armenian princes of the Zakarid family drove out the Seljuk Turks and established a semi-independent principality in northern and eastern Armenia known as Zakarid Armeniawhich lasted under the patronage of the Georgian Kingdom.
After incessant invasions, each bringing destruction to the country, with time Armenia became weakened.
From the mid 16th century with the Peace of Amasyaand decisively Russian vs armenian online dating the first half of the 17th century with the Treaty of Zuhab until the first half of the 19th century,  Eastern Armenia was ruled by the successive Safavid, Afsharid and Qajar empires, while Western Armenia remained under Ottoman rule.
FromAbbas I of Iran implemented a " scorched earth " policy in the region to protect his north-western frontier against any invading Ottoman forces, a policy that involved a forced resettlement of masses of Armenians outside of their homelands. While Western Armenia still remained under Ottoman rule, the Armenians were granted considerable autonomy within their own enclaves and lived in relative harmony with other groups in the empire including the ruling Turks.
However, as Christians under a strict Muslim social structureArmenians faced pervasive discrimination. When they began pushing for more rights within the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Abdul Hamid IIin response, organised state-sponsored massacres against the Armenians between andresulting in an estimated death toll of 80, topeople.
The Hamidian massacresas they came to be known, gave Hamid international infamy as the "Red Sultan" or "Bloody Sultan". During the s, the Armenian Revolutionary Federationcommonly known as Dashnaktsutyunbecame active within the Ottoman Empire with the aim of unifying the various small groups in the empire that were advocating for reform and defending Armenian villages from massacres that were widespread in some of the Armenian-populated areas of the empire.
Dashnaktsutyun members also formed Armenian fedayi groups that defended Armenian civilians through armed resistance.
The Dashnaks also worked for the wider goal of creating a "free, independent and unified" Armenia, although they sometimes set aside this goal in favour of a more realistic such as advocating autonomy. In Aprilthe Adana massacre occurred in the Adana Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire resulting in the deaths of as many as 20,—30, Armenians.
The Armenians living in the empire hoped that the Committee of Union and Progress would change their Russian vs armenian online dating status.
Armenian reform package was presented as a solution Russian vs armenian online dating appointing an inspector general over Russian vs armenian online dating issues. The new government in Istanbul began to look on
Russian vs armenian online dating Armenians with distrust and suspicion, because the Imperial Russian Army contained a contingent of Armenian volunteers.
On 24 AprilArmenian intellectuals were arrested by Ottoman authorities and, with the Tehcir Law 29 Mayeventually a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia perished in what has become known as the Armenian Genocide. The genocide was implemented in two phases: Driven forward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre.
The events of to are regarded by Armenians and the "Russian vs armenian online dating" majority of Western historians to have been state-sponsored mass killings, or genocide.
Turkish authorities deny the genocide took place to this day. The Armenian Genocide is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides. Toynbeean estimatedArmenians died during deportation from — This figure, however, accounts for solely the first year of the Genocide and does not take into account those who died or were killed after the report was compiled on 24 May This federation, however, lasted from only February to Maywhen all three parties decided to dissolve it.
As a result, the Dashnaktsutyun government of Eastern Armenia declared its independence on 28 May as the First Republic of Armenia under the leadership of Aram Manukian.
The First Republic's short-lived independence was fraught with war, territorial disputesand a mass influx of refugees from Ottoman Armenia, bringing with them disease and starvation.
The Entente Powersappalled by the actions of the Ottoman government, sought to help the newly founded Armenian state through relief funds and other forms of support. At the end of the war, the victorious powers sought to divide up the Ottoman Empire. In addition, just days prior, on 5 AugustMihran Damadian of the Armenian National Union, the de facto Armenian administration in Cilicia, declared the independence of Cilicia as an Armenian autonomous republic under French protectorate.
There was even consideration of possibly making Armenia a mandate under the protection of the United States. The treaty, however, was rejected by the Turkish National Movementand never came into effect. The movement used the treaty as the occasion to declare itself the rightful government of Turkeyreplacing the monarchy based in Istanbul with a republic based in Ankara. InTurkish nationalist forces invaded the fledgling Armenian republic from the east.
The violent conflict finally concluded with the Treaty of Alexandropol on 2 December By 4 December, Ordzhonikidze's forces entered Yerevan and the short-lived Armenian republic collapsed. After the fall of the republic, the February soon took place inand led to the establishment of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia by Armenian forces under command of Garegin Nzhdeh on 26 April, which fought off both Soviet and Turkish intrusions in the Zangezur region of southern Armenia.
After Soviet agreements to include the Syunik Province in Armenia's borders, the rebellion ended and the Red Army took control of the region on 13 July. Armenians enjoyed a period of relative stability under Soviet rule. They received medicine, food, and other provisions from Moscow, and communist rule proved to be a soothing balm in contrast to the turbulent final years of the Ottoman Empire.
The situation was difficult for the church, which struggled under Soviet rule. After the death of Vladimir LeninJoseph Stalin took the reins of power and began an era of renewed fear and terror for Armenians. Armenia was not the scene of any battles in World War II. An estimatedArmenians nearly "Russian vs armenian online dating" third of the population served in the military during the war, anddied. Fears decreased when Stalin died in and Nikita Khruschev
Russian vs armenian online dating as the Soviet Union's new leader.
Soon, life in Soviet Armenia began to see rapid improvement. The church, which suffered greatly under Stalin, was revived when Catholicos Vazgen I assumed the duties of his office in Ina memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide was built at the Tsitsernakaberd hill above the Hrazdan gorge in Yerevan. This occurred after mass demonstrations took place on the tragic event's fiftieth anniversary in During the Gorbachev era of the s, with Russian vs armenian online dating reforms of Glasnost and PerestroikaArmenians began to demand better environmental care for their country, opposing the pollution that Soviet-built factories brought.
Tensions also developed between Soviet Azerbaijan and its autonomous district of a majority-Armenian region. AboutArmenians lived in Azerbaijan in Peaceful protests in Yerevan supporting the Karabakh Armenians were met with anti-Armenian pogroms in the Azerbaijani city of Sumgait. Compounding Armenia's problems was a devastating earthquake in with a moment magnitude of 7. Gorbachev's inability to alleviate any of Armenia's problems created disillusionment among "Russian vs armenian online dating" Armenians and fed a growing hunger for independence.
Coordinates: 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; Armenia officially the Republic of Russian vs armenian online dating is a Internet TLD The official date of state adoption of Christianity is . At the time, Russian-controlled Eastern Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan attempted to bond together in the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative. In Armenian, English and Russian; A blog on homosexuality and homosexuals, in Armenian Նույնասեռականության և նույնասեռականների մասին բլոգ.
The Armenian government is in talks with Moscow and Russian state-owned energy giant Gazprom on the possibility of gaining a price cut for consumers of.
Eleven political parties and alliances have submitted documents to vie for seats in the Armenian parliament in the snap elections scheduled for December 9.
Armenia says it stands by its ambassador in Berlin despite a German television report on an Armenian mafia group in Germany that allegedly has ties to Yerevan's envoy. The Russian business newspaper Kommersant is reporting that Armenia may lose its temporary leadership position on a Russian-led defense organization as a result of its ouster of the current chairman.
Yerevan has recalled Mikayel Minasian, the son-in-law of former Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian, from his ambassador posts in the Vatican and Portugal. Yuri Khachaturov, the current head of the Collective Security Treaty CSTO , has been relieved of his duties after being charged with overthrowing Armenia's constitutional order when he was the country's deputy defense minister. Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan.
Bosnia Kosovo Macedonia Montenegro Serbia. November 06, Armenia 'May Lose Post' On Russian-Led Defense Group The Russian business newspaper Kommersant is reporting that Armenia may lose its temporary leadership position on a Russian-led defense organization as a result of its ouster of the current chairman.
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Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the Biblical mountains of Ararat. The primary Armenian name for the country was Hayk Detracting, later Hayastan Armenian: The name Armenia was stated to the country about the surrounding states, and it is traditionally derived from Armenak or Aram the great-grandson of Haik's great-grandson, and another kingpin who is, according to Armenian tradition, the progenitor of all Armenians.
Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenian people. In Thin on the ground, Arsacid Armenia was the first sovereign nation to accept Christianity as a state religion. The Armenians later fell under Byzantine , Sassanid Persian Tabu, and Islamic hegemony, but reinstated their independence with the Bagratid Dynasty monarchy of Armenia.
After the fall of the bailiwick in , and the subsequent Seljuk conquest of Armenia in , the Armenians established a bailiwick in Cilicia , where they prolonged their ascendancy to Starting in the early 16th century, Greater Armenia came subservient to Safavid Persian rule, setting aside how over the centuries Eastern Armenia remained under Persian rule while Western Armenia fell under Ottoman bypass.
In the early 20th century Armenians suffered in the genocide inflicted on them by the Ottoman government of Turkey, in which 1.
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Armenia is the most densely populated of all of the former Soviet republics. The country shares its border with Turkey, Georgia and Iran, and is landlocked. NuVid
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